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(PHP 4 >= 4.3.0, PHP 5, PHP 7)

msg_receiveReceive a message from a message queue


msg_receive ( resource $queue , int $desiredmsgtype , int &$msgtype , int $maxsize , mixed &$message [, bool $unserialize = TRUE [, int $flags = 0 [, int &$errorcode ]]] ) : bool

msg_receive() will receive the first message from the specified queue of the type specified by desiredmsgtype.



Message queue resource handle


If desiredmsgtype is 0, the message from the front of the queue is returned. If desiredmsgtype is greater than 0, then the first message of that type is returned. If desiredmsgtype is less than 0, the first message on the queue with a type less than or equal to the absolute value of desiredmsgtype will be read. If no messages match the criteria, your script will wait until a suitable message arrives on the queue. You can prevent the script from blocking by specifying MSG_IPC_NOWAIT in the flags parameter.


The type of the message that was received will be stored in this parameter.


The maximum size of message to be accepted is specified by the maxsize; if the message in the queue is larger than this size the function will fail (unless you set flags as described below).


The received message will be stored in message, unless there were errors receiving the message.


If set to TRUE, the message is treated as though it was serialized using the same mechanism as the session module. The message will be unserialized and then returned to your script. This allows you to easily receive arrays or complex object structures from other PHP scripts, or if you are using the WDDX serializer, from any WDDX compatible source.

If unserialize is FALSE, the message will be returned as a binary-safe string.


The optional flags allows you to pass flags to the low-level msgrcv system call. It defaults to 0, but you may specify one or more of the following values (by adding or ORing them together).

Flag values for msg_receive
MSG_IPC_NOWAIT If there are no messages of the desiredmsgtype, return immediately and do not wait. The function will fail and return an integer value corresponding to MSG_ENOMSG.
MSG_EXCEPT Using this flag in combination with a desiredmsgtype greater than 0 will cause the function to receive the first message that is not equal to desiredmsgtype.
MSG_NOERROR If the message is longer than maxsize, setting this flag will truncate the message to maxsize and will not signal an error.


If the function fails, the optional errorcode will be set to the value of the system errno variable.

Return Values

Returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure.

Upon successful completion the message queue data structure is updated as follows: msg_lrpid is set to the process-ID of the calling process, msg_qnum is decremented by 1 and msg_rtime is set to the current time.

See Also

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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

marbledore at mail dot ru
9 years ago
It looks like msg_receive() allocates a memory with size $maxsize, and only then tries to receive a message from queue into allocated memory. Because my script dies with $maxsize = 1 Gib, but works with $maxsize = 10 Kib.
marvel at post dot cz
12 years ago
Consider this e.g. Linux situation:

//file send.php
$ip = msg_get_queue(12340);
//file receive.php
$ip = msg_get_queue(12340);

"msgtype {$msgtype} data {$data}\n";

"msgtype {$msgtype} data {$data}\n";

Now run:
in terminal #1   php5 receive.php
in terminal #2   php5 receive.php
in terminal #3   php5 send.php

Showing messages from queue will flip-flop. It means you run once send.php, the message will be shown in terminal #1. Second run it will be in t#2, third #1 and so on.
1 year ago
It seems that a maxsize of 2Mb is some sort of a threshold for php, above that msg_receive() starts to use a lot of CPU (with a sender that is pushing messages non-stop receiving 10000 messages jumps up from 0.01 sec to 1.5 sec on my computer) so try to stay below that thresholod if you can.
shepik at yandex dot ru
11 years ago
The behaviour of msg_recieve function depends on value of $desiredmsgtype:
If zero: the first message with any $msgtype will be recieved.
Positive: the first message with $msgtype = desiredmsgtype
Negative: the first message with $msgtype <= abs ($desiredmsgtype)
(where "$msgtype" means msgtype the message was sent with)
webmaster at toolshed51 dot com
17 years ago
This is meant to be run as your apache user in a terminal, call script in note of msg_send and they will communicate.

#! /usr/bin/env php
= 519051; // Message

$msg_id = msg_get_queue ($MSGKEY, 0600);

    while (
1) {
        if (
msg_receive ($msg_id, 1, $msg_type, 16384, $msg, true, 0, $msg_error)) {
            if (
$msg == 'Quit') break;
        } else {
"Received $msg_error fetching message\n";

msg_remove_queue ($msg_id);
eimers at mehrkanal dot com
12 years ago
<?php error_reporting(E_ALL);
* Example for sending and receiving Messages via the System V Message Queue
* To try this script run it synchron/asynchron twice times. One time with ?typ=send and one time with ?typ=receive
* @author          Thomas Eimers - Mehrkanal GmbH
* This document is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but without any warranty;
* without even the implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

header('Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1');

// Create System V Message Queue. Integer value is the number of the Queue
$queue = msg_get_queue(100379);

// Sendoptions
$message='nachricht';     // Transfering Data
$serialize_needed=false// Must the transfer data be serialized ?
$block_send=false;        // Block if Message could not be send (Queue full...) (true/false)
$msgtype_send=1;          // Any Integer above 0. It signeds every Message. So you could handle multible message
                          // type in one Queue.

// Receiveoptions
$msgtype_receive=1;       // Whiche type of Message we want to receive ? (Here, the type is the same as the type we send,
                          // but if you set this to 0 you receive the next Message in the Queue with any type.
$maxsize=100;             // How long is the maximal data you like to receive.
$option_receive=MSG_IPC_NOWAIT; // If there are no messages of the wanted type in the Queue continue without wating.
                          // If is set to NULL wait for a Message.

// Send or receive 20 Messages
for ($i=0;$i<20;$i++) {
// This one sends
if ($_GET['typ']=='send') {
msg_send($queue,$msgtype_send, $message,$serialize_needed, $block_send,$err)===true) {
"Message sendet.\n";
    } else {
// This one received
} else {
'Messages in the queue: '.$queue_status['msg_qnum']."\n";

// WARNUNG: nur weil vor einer Zeile Code noch Nachrichten in der Queue waren, muss das jetzt nciht mehr der Fall sein!
if ($queue_status['msg_qnum']>0) {
      if (
msg_receive($queue,$msgtype_receive ,$msgtype_erhalten,$maxsize,$daten,$serialize_needed, $option_receive, $err)===true) {
"Received data".$daten."\n";
      } else {

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