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Since PHP 5.0 this extension was bundled with PHP. Beginning with PHP 5.4, this extension is available only via PECL.

Windows users must enable php_sqlite.dll inside of php.ini in order to use these functions. A DLL for this PECL extension is currently unavailable. See also the building on Windows section.

Windows builds must also enable PDO because as of PHP 5.1.0 it depends on it. So, php.ini will end up with something like this:

On Linux or Unix operating systems, if you build PDO as a shared extension, you must build SQLite as a shared extension using the --with-sqlite=shared configure option.

The PHP 5.0.x series of Windows builds enabled this extension by default, where no DLL file is necessary.

SQLite 3 is supported through PDO SQLite.

Note: Windows installation for unprivileged accounts

On Windows operating systems, unprivileged accounts don't have the TMP environment variable set by default. This will make sqlite create temporary files in the windows directory, which is not desirable. So, you should set the TMP environment variable for the web server or the user account the web server is running under. If Apache is your web server, you can accomplish this via a SetEnv directive in your httpd.conf file. For example:

SetEnv TMP c:/temp
If you are unable to establish this setting at the server level, you can implement the setting in your script:
The setting must refer to a directory that the web server has permission to create files in and subsequently write to and delete the files it created. Otherwise, you may receive the following error message: malformed database schema - unable to open a temporary database file for storing temporary tables

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

Otto Monnig omonnig [at] gmail [dot] com
9 years ago
In a CentOS 5 default installation, SQLite requires the pdo, sqlite and
pdo_sqlite extensions, which are not installed.  The previous note was very
helpful, but needed some additions:

- get your source version from the historical releases page

- repeat the compile process below for pdo, sqlite and pdo-sqlite extensions,
  (gcc is required and may have to be installed)

    tar xvf
    make install

- create file /etc/php.d/sqlite.ini:

    ; Enable sqlite extension module

- [restart apache] service httpd restart

- search phpinfo(); for 'sqlite' to verify correct installation\
thomas.zangerl [ at ]
10 years ago
CentOS 5.4's and probably Fedora's php5 packages are compiled without SQLite support.

While the PECL build did not work for me (version mismatch?) it helped to get the PHP source from

and just compile the SQLite module by doing

tar xfvj php-5.2.12.tar.bz2
cd php-5.2.12/ext/sqlite/
make install
[restart apache]

Make sure to have php-devel/php5-dev installed and to get the PHP version matching your installed PHP from the download page.
Probably this will require a rebuild when updating the php-packages on CentOS but currently there are unfortunately no good alternatives.
askroot at gmail dot com
11 years ago
RedHat Enterprise Linux 5 or CentOS 5 sqlite extension install

Super User - root
shell> mkdir temp
shell> cd temp
shell> wget
shell> tar zxvf SQLite-1.0.3.tgz
shell> cd SQLite-1.0.3

sqlite.c patch

--- sqlite.c.orig       2004-07-18 19:23:18.000000000 +0900
+++ sqlite.c    2009-04-08 01:39:40.000000000 +0900
@@ -53,7 +53,9 @@
extern int sqlite_encode_binary(const unsigned char *in, int n, unsigned char *out);
extern int sqlite_decode_binary(const unsigned char *in, unsigned char *out);

static unsigned char arg3_force_ref[] = {3, BYREF_NONE, BYREF_NONE, BYREF_FORCE };

static int le_sqlite_db, le_sqlite_result, le_sqlite_pdb;

@@ -122,8 +124,8 @@

function_entry sqlite_functions[] = {
-       PHP_FE(sqlite_open, arg3_force_ref)
-       PHP_FE(sqlite_popen, arg3_force_ref)
+       PHP_FE(sqlite_open, third_arg_force_ref)
+       PHP_FE(sqlite_popen, third_arg_force_ref)
        PHP_FE(sqlite_close, NULL)
        PHP_FE(sqlite_query, NULL)
        PHP_FE(sqlite_exec, NULL)

shell> phpize
shell> ./configure
shell> make && make install
shell> ls -l /usr/lib/php/modules/
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 871225 Apr  7 18:07 /usr/lib/php/modules/
shell> cd /etc/php.d
shell> vi sqlite.ini
; Enable sqlite extension module

Web Server Restart


SQLite support enabled
PECL Module version  1.0.3 $Id: sqlite.c,v 2004/07/10 12:25:33 wez Exp $ 
SQLite Library  2.8.14 
SQLite Encoding  iso8859 

Directive Local Value Master Value
sqlite.assoc_case 0 0
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